A Report Review
On 4 November 2017, the Global Nutrition Report 2017 was launched at the Global Nutrition Summit in Milan, Italy. The report presents nutrition issues at a larger scale; linking how nutrition can benefit from and contribute to other development sectors and issues. Particularly, how its improvement can be helpful in addressing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) beyond the goal 2 (end hunger).
Analytical findings from the report show child stunting, anemia in women of reproductive age, and/or overweight in adult women are serious forms of malnutrition. Additionally, hunger statistics rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million people go to bed hungry in 2017, making a bigger challenge to cope with stunting and wasting. Africa still has increasing number of stunted children and South Asia is in high figure of wasting. In 2016, two out of five of the world’s stunted children and more than half of all wasted children lived in South Asia.
Sustainable agriculture and food production have a major role to play in covering nutrition matter. Nutrition sector needs smallholders, medium horticultural operation, or large agribusiness to diversify production landscapes. The challenge comes up with climate change affecting the nutritional quality of crops, reducing nutrient content in some foods due to CO2 fertilization effects. This issue requires decent policies and investments on agricultural landscapes producing 53-81 per cent of key micronutrients. Another barrier mentioned in the report is data gap, leading to disrupt inclusivity and effective interventions.
According to the report, sustainable food systems can guarantee food safety and quality to enrich nutrition. In turn, good nutrition can drive better environment and ecosystem, enrich productive and mental capability of future generations, lessen burden on health system, support equity and inclusion, and enhance peace and stability.
The report emphasizes five core areas in the SDGs to generate win-win solution for nutrition and other sectors: sustainable food production (SDG 2, 13, 14, 15); strong systems of infrastructure (SDG 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12); health systems (SDG 3); equity and inclusion (SDG 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10); and peace and stability (SDG 16). It also distinguishes two kinds of duty action; one to tackle more than one form of malnutrition. The other one to handle malnutrition and other development challenges. These actions aim to achieve global nutrition targets while catalyzing other goals.
The analysis indicated that most government invests more in sectors related to the key causes of malnutrition than in distinctive measure to nutrition. Thus, investments in agriculture, education, social protection and health needs to encourage a more integrated nutrition agenda and the SDGs. It is important to take into account the whole sector in addressing sustainable food production and food consumption. The report suggests the whole society working in diverse fields to commit to good nutrition as a global social norm.
More information about the Global Nutrition Report 2017 are available on GNR website
This report review was prepared by Dwi Fitriah Arrisandi, Junior Research Consultant, CAPSA